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August 21, 2014

Registration Now Open

NIAA Announces Keynote Speaker for Antibiotic Symposium

Dr. Lonnie King

The Antibiotic Use and Resistance Symposium hosted by NIAA in November will feature Keynote Speaker Dr. Lonnie King, Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at The Ohio State University. King, DVM, MS, MPA, ACVPM, is also Professor in the Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine and holds the Ruth Stanton Endowed Chair in Veterinary Medicine. He also serves as the Executive Dean for the seven health science colleges at Ohio State. Dr. King is a former administrator for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, in Washington, DC.

Dr. King says of this year's theme, Moving Forward through Shared Stewardship, "Stewardship is an opportunity to change the conversation on ABX and forge new relationships between animal and human health." King's keynote address is titled "Addressing Antimicrobial Resistance Through Integration and Stewardship: A New Call To Action."

The Symposium will be held in Atlanta, GA, November 12–14, 2014. Full Registration is $425, but NIAA Members receive a $75 discount. Individual day registrations are available: Nov. 12th (1/2 Day Only) – $150, Nov. 13th (Full Day Only) – $250, Nov. 14th (1/2 Day Only) – $150. Student registration is $50/day (must present student ID at check–in.)

NIAA thanks Partners USDA/APHIS, Merck Animal Health, the National Pork Board, Elanco, Auburn University and Qiagen for their support of this Symposium. Partnership opportunities are available. Contact Katie Ambrose at 719.538.8843, extension 14.

Click HERE to register or for agenda and travel information. NIAA News Release, 08/18/14

FDA Finds Positive and Negative Resistance Trends

The Food and Drug Administration released its National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) 2011 Executive Report this week, showing both increasing and decreasing antimicrobial resistance trends. NARMS was established in 1996 as a partnership between the FDA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to track antibiotic resistance in foodborne bacteria. The Executive Report summarizes data previously released by each of the three agencies.

The annual NARMS Executive Report focuses on resistance to antibiotics that are considered important in human medicine as well as multidrug resistance (described as resistance to three or more classes of antibiotics). Read key findings from the NARMS 2011 Executive report HERE. Drovers CattleNetwork, 08/12/14

More Tools Emerge in Fight Against PEDv

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus has already killed as estimated 8 million pigs since it was first identified in April 2013, and as the weather shifts from summer to autumn, the disease will likely return with vengeance. Increased biosecurity protocols and the judicious use of disinfectants are methods known to help control virus spread. Now, three companies are making strides in developing vaccines and probiotics to help producers combat the fast–moving disease:

  • Harrisvaccines: In June, the USDA extended a conditional license for the company's PEDv vaccine, making it the first to be licensed in the country.
  • Zoetis: CEO Juan Ramon Alaix told analysts in a quarterly earning conference call the company is also seeking a conditional license before the end of the year for its PEDv vaccine.
  • LifeStock: Pork producers in Iowa and Illinois turned to an unlikely source to combat PEDv – FullBucket's Foal Probiotic.

Vaccines have been used to fight PEDv in Asia and Europe, but these vaccines are not approved for use in the United States on concerns of their effectiveness. By Angela Bowman, PORK Network, 08/13/14

PEDv/Feed Study Viewed with Some Caution

A study led by the director of research at Pipestone Veterinary Services in Minnesota shows a link between contaminated animal feed and the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus in pigs. The study was carried out on three farms in Iowa and Minnesota where PED was diagnosed early this year.

Richard Sellers with the American Feed Industry Association (AFIA) tells Brownfield Ag News they are concerned that this study might imply that feed is a cause of PEDv's spread. He says, "This clarifies that feed is actually a carrier now. The source of how the virus got into the feed is not presented in the report. The authors DO make a point that there was no animal protein product in the feed." Sellers says on–farm contamination of feed cannot be ruled out. He says there are still many unknowns about the cause of PEDv and the AFIA along with the Institute for Feed Education and Research have pledged $100–thousand to the National Pork Board to further research. By Julie Harker, Brownfield Ag News, 08/19/14

USD $20M Grant to Fund Aquaculture Research in Maine

This multi-institutional, public-private partnership led by U Maine, in collaboration with the University of New England (UNE) and other institutions in Maine, will use the state's 3,500-mile coastline as a living laboratory to study physical oceanography, biophysical, biogeochemical, socioeconomic and policy interactions that have local, bioregional, national and global implications. Fish Info & Services, 08/07/14

Test Alteration Simplifies Diagnosis of Poultry Diseases

Researchers with the U.S. Department of Agriculture' Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have found a way to make it easier to detect two serious poultry diseases by modifying an already available test

The two diseases, avian reticuloendotheliosis and Marek's disease, are highly contagious and can cause cancer–like diseases, production losses and death in birds, ARS said. Marek's disease usually affects young adult chickens, while reticuloendotheliosis infects chickens as well as other poultry – turkeys, ducks, geese and quail.

Aly Fadly, research leader of the ARS Avian Disease & Oncology Laboratory (ADOL) in East Lansing, Mich., modified a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to detect unique genetic sequences of the viruses that cause the diseases. The modified PCR allows diagnostic laboratories to extract virus DNA from preserved tissues to detect the two diseases, ARS said.

In other research, ADOL scientists are developing vaccines to help prevent the spread of Marek's and other avian diseases. They have developed a new vaccine, called CVRM2, which effectively protects chickens against Marek's disease viruses. ARS said it recently approved a license agreement with a private company to make CVRM2 into a commercial vaccine. Feedstuffs, 08/19/14

10 Things Dairies with Great Reproduction Do Right

Outstanding reproductive performance is the result of a myriad of decisions and practices implemented on the dairy. To better understand how the best dairies get reproduction right, we've explored what the winning dairies from the Dairy Cattle Reproduction Council (DCRC) Reproduction Awards have shared with us over the past five years:

1. It starts with healthy cows.
2. Program compliance and consistency matter.
3. Responsiveness to trends.
4. Comfort comes first.
5. Manage the transition cow.
6. Deliver the right ration.
7. Be prepared for hot weather.
8. Hire the right people and train them.
9. Take a team approach to reproduction.
10. Stay focused on herd goals.
By Dr. Andrew Skidmore, Technical Services, Merck Animal Health, Bovine Veterinarian, 08/11/14

Vesicular Stomatitis Outbreak Continues in Texas, Colorado

Several new cases of vesicular stomatitis (VS) have been confirmed in horses in Texas and Colorado over the past week. The Colorado Department of Agriculture also reported diagnoses of VS in two cattle earlier this month, and several states have modified their livestock import requirements to prevent spread of the disease.

Since the last USDA situation report on August 6, 64 new premises have been confirmed for VS infections in Colorado, 62 due to infections in equines and two with infections in cattle. In Texas, the latest report showed 11 new premises with infected equines and one with infected cattle. So far this year, a total of 186 VS–positive premises have been identified, with 133 in Colorado and 53 in Texas. By John Maday, Drovers CattleNetwork, 08/15/14

Feed Efficiency Is About Accurate Estimates

An accurate feed formulation is essential for optimising feed efficiency and minimising feed cost for swine and poultry production, states the University of Purdue in the US. An accurate diet formulation is important because energy and amino acid (AA) account for the major cost of swine and poultry diets, a precise determination of the availability of energy and AA in feedstuffs is essential for accurate diet formulations. World Poultry, 08/14/14

Meat Is Still On the Menu for Environmental Sustainability

Livestock production has gained a less–than–desirable environmental reputation as raising eggs, meat, and dairy on an industrial scale tends to be very resource–intensive. However, livestock are integral to the nutritional well–being and livelihood of millions of people around the world. There is now an unprecedented demand for meat, and global meat production is expected to increase by 19 percent from 2014 to 2023. This has led the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to release Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock, a report encouraging broader conversations about reducing livestock emissions and implementing alternatives. Food Tank, 08/14/14

Temple Grandin Stresses the Little Things on Ways to Handle Livestock

When it comes to handling livestock, observing the little things can make for a more pleasant experience – both for the animal and the livestock, according to Dr. Temple Grandin, Colorado State University professor and animal scientist.

"I stress to students the need to be observant," said Grandin, who has advised ranchers, feedlots and meat plants throughout the U.S. and Canada on handling equipment as well as developing animal welfare guidelines for the meat industry. By Flair Fannin, AgriLife today, 08/15/14

More Criticism of WOTUS

Jackie McClaskey, secretary of agriculture for the state of Kansas, questions whether the EPA is listening to the ag community's concerns. Listen to interview HERE.

"I think what's been most frustrating is, as the agricultural voices have gotten louder and tried to provide more input in a very reasonable way, the approach we've gotten back from the feds is that, 'well, you just don't understand it'," McClaskey says. "So there is really not an honest attempt to have a two–way communication–and that's frustrating for us as we're trying to represent agriculture in this discussion." By Ken Anderson, Brownfield Ag News, 08/19/14

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The National Institute for Animal Agriculture provides a forum for building consensus and advancing proactive solutions for animal agriculture-the beef, dairy, swine, sheep, goats, equine and poultry industries-and provides continuing education and communication linkages for animal agriculture professionals. NIAA is dedicated to programs that work towards the eradication of disease that pose risk to the health of animals, wildlife and humans; promote a safe and wholesome food supply for our nation and abroad; and promote best practices in environmental stewardship, animal health and well-being. NIAA members represent all facets of animal agriculture.